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AuthorMessage
Neli

Neli

Posts : 1000
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Join date : 2011-04-03
Age : 103
Location : Lusaka Zambia

Koi dictionary Empty
PostSubject: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeMon Apr 18, 2011 10:10 am


Ago hi
(A-GO HE) The red (hi) colour patches found on the cheeks of Shusui or Asagi

Related Words
Ago sumi
Ago sumi
(A-GO SUE-ME) Black markings (Sumi) found on gills

Ai
(EYE) Blue or indigo colouring

Ai Goromo
(EYE-GOR-OMO) Essentially a white koi with red markings (Kohaku) but the red scales have blue semi-circular borders, which give the koi a reticulated pattern (Koromo)

Ai Showa
(EYE SHO-WA) Also known as Koromo Showa - a Showa whose pattern is overlaid with darker reticulated markings

Aizumi
(EYE ZU-ME) Sumi (black markings) which have a hint of blue/indigo

Aka
(ACKA) Simply translated as 'red'

Aka Bekko
(ACKA BEK-O) A koi with a red base colour overlaid with black (Sumi) markings

Aka Hajiro
(ACKA HA-JEER-O) An all-red koi whose tail and fins are edged with white

Aka Matsuba
(ACKA MATS-BA) A all-red koi with a black Matsuba (pinecone-effect) pattern in the scales along its back

Aka Sanke
(ACKA SAN-KAY) A Sanke that has red marking extending the length of its body

Akame
(ACKA-MAY) An eye with a red iris - often seen in Ki-goi

Akamuji
(ACKA MOO-GEE) A red koi with non-metallic scales

Akebi
Translates as 'light blue'

Ami
Meaning 'mesh' or 'eyes' and refers to scales in a net-like pattern

Amime
Large scales giving the impression of armour

Aragoke
A fully scaled grey/blue koi with red (hi) along the cheeks, lateral lines and in the fins

Asagi
Literally means 'blue' and refers to a koi with a reticulated bluish/grey body and red markings on the underside. These red markings can also be present in the cheeks and pectoral fins

Asagi Magoi
A wild carp with Asagi markings - an early variation of the modern Asagi

Atama
A koi with a nice clear/clean head

Atama ga hageru
Sumi or ato sumi which takes a long time to develop i.e. literally 'late-appearing'

Ato sumi
(A-TOE-SUE-ME) A high quality sumi (black) which takes a while to develop fully

Bekko
A non-metallic koi which can be either white, red or yellow with black markings

Beni
(BENNY) Literally means 'red'

Beni Haijiro
(BENNY HA-JEER-O) A red-based koi with white tips on its pectoral fins

Beni Kujaku
(BENNY COO-JA-COO) An orange/red Kujaku which has red markings all over its body

Beni-goi
(BENNY-GOY) A matt red koi which looks like an 'Akamuji' but has a deeper red coloration

Beret Hi
A koi which has head hi (red) only on one side - like wearing a beret

Beta-gin
This is where the whole surface of every scale is metallic and sparkles

Bire
Literally means 'fire' and refers to red patterning which can occur on Asagi and Shusui

Bito
Love

Boke
The term usually refers to sumi (black) which is blurred or faded in colour

Boke Showa
A variety of Showa which has blurred, grey-looking sumi (black)

Bongiri
The red (hi) on the head does not come far enough towards the nose

Bozu
A koi showing no hi (red) on the head - literally 'bald'

Bu
Size division usually seen written when koi are shown in Japan

Budo
This refers to a group of coloured scales which resemble a bunch of purple grapes

Budo Goromo
A koi with a purplish pattern resembling grapes overlaying the hi (red)

Budo Sanke
A koi with a purplish pattern resembling grapes overlaying the hi (red) (Budo Goromo) but also combined with solid black markings

Cha
(CHA) Japanese term for 'brown'

Cha-goi
(CHA-GOY) A light-brown or tea-coloured koi with non-metallic scales

Chigyo
Fry which have not yet been sorted or categorised

Chupa
A koi of medium quality

Dagoi
A koi of poor quality

Dainichi
One of the most famous Go-Sanke lineages. Dainichi Koi Farm still operates in Niigata

Dangara
Also known as Danmoyo, this is a stepped pattern on the body of a koi

Danmoyo
Step pattern - see 'Dangara'

Dia
(DIE-YA) Japanese term for 'diamond'

Diamond Ginrin
A type of Kinginrin where the scales are said to 'sparkle like diamonds'

Dohmaki
When a koi's pattern extends below the lateral line

Doitsu
Literally means ‘German,’ and refers to a koi which has 'mirror' scales on the dorsal and/or lateral lines or no visible scales

Doitsu Kujaku
(DOYTZ COO-JA-COO) A metallic koi showing red markings over its body with black markings in the scales only along the dorsal and lateral lines

Doware
A pattern showing a large white area

Enyu
A doitsu koi which has a white body and red markings - the mirror scales are platinum and light blue speckles can be found within the red and white colour of the dorsal scales

Etsu No Hisoku
A scaleless (doitsu) koi with a yellow-green coloration

Flowery Kohaku
A red and white koi (Kohaku) with lots of small areas of the red (hi). No discernible stepped pattern

Fuji
This describes a sheen and lustre found on heads of young koi. Can be seen in young quality Sanke and sometimes Kohaku and Ogon

Fukurin
A reticulated effect found on scales often adding an extra lustre and sparkle

Gaku Hi
Red (hi) found on the top part of a koi's face

Giku
The awkward swimming movement of a koi with a deformed body

Gin
Silver metallic colour

Gin Bekko
A metallic version of Shiro Bekko (white koi with black markings)

Gin Kabuto
A black koi with silver-edged scales

Gin Matsuba
A metallic silver koi with a black Matsuba (pinecone-effect) pattern in the scales

Gin Rin
Shimmering silver scale. Can be added on to other variety i.e. Gin Rin Kohaku (red and white koi) where the scales have a silvery lustre

Gin Shiro
A Shiro Utsuri (black and white koi) where scales have a silvery lustre

Gin Showa
A Showa (black, red and white koi) where white is replaced with silvery Gin Rin scales

Ginbo
An all-black koi with a silver metallic sheen

Ginsui
A Shusui with a silver lustre

Go bu
Size five

Godan
A pattern with five steps

Godan Kohaku
A red and white koi where the hi (red) is arranged in a five steps

Goi
Japanese term for fish

Goke
Japanese term for fish scale

Goma
Scattered sumi

Gosai
(GO-SIGH) Five-year-old koi

Go-Sanke
A word referring collectively to Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa - the 'big three' of koi keeping

Goshiki
(GOSH-KEY) A koi with five colours (hence 'go') namely white, red, black, light and dark blue. The colours are mixed and have a purplish appearance

Goshiki Shusui
A scaleless (doitsu), blue Goshiki which is non-metallic

Gotenzakura
Literally means 'cherry pattern'

Gotenzakura Kohaku
A Kohaku with a pattern that looks like cherries

Hachi (atama)
Japanese term for head

Hachiware
A head marking that looks like lightening

Hachizumi
A sumi (black) marking that runs diagonally across the head

Hada
Japanese term for sheen

Hageru
A clean pattern with no blurring on the head area. It relates in particular to metallic varieties

Hageshiro
A nearly all-black koi with white on the head, tail and pectoral fin tips

Hagoromo
A variety of Ai Goromo (see term description)

Hajiro
A nearly all-black koi with white on the tail and pectoral fin tips

Haka Shita
Koi with an undesirable sagging abdomen

Hana Shusui
A variety of Shusui - also known as a 'flowery Shusui'

Hanako
Literally meaning ‘flower maiden’ and refers to a red koi

Hanatsuki
Where the red (hi) on the head extends down towards the nose

Hanazumi
A spot or small black pattern around the nose and mouth area

Hara
The abdominal area of a koi

Hariwake
(HARRY-WA-KEY) A koi with two colours, one of which is platinum, the other can either be metallic yellow, orange or gold

Hariwake Matsuba
A silver and yellow (or orange or gold) metallic koi with a black 'pinecone-effect' pattern in each of its scales

Heisei Nishiki
A doitsu (scaleless) Yamatonishiki (metallic Sanke)

Heisei Period
Contemporary Japanese era

Hi
(HE) Refers to the red markings on a koi

Hi Asagi
An Asagi which has red marking extending over the lateral line

Hi Botan
A koi derived from Utsuri lineage which resembles a Bekko

Hi Showa
A Showa (black, red and white koi) which is predominantly red

Hi Shusui
A Shusui which is predominantly red

Hi Utsuri
A black koi with a red pattern overlaid

Hiagari
A term used to describe the Intensity of the hi (red) colour

Hiban
Refers to the hi (red) pattern element or area of hi

Higoi
Literally means 'red koi' - more commonly called Benigoi (deep red) or Akamuji (light red)

Hikari
Japanese term for metallic

Hikarimono
The classification for metallic groups

Hikarimoyo
The classification for multi-coloured 'white-based' metallic koi

Hikari-moyomono
The classification for all metallic koi with two or more colours, except metallic Utsuri and Showa

Hikarimuji
The classification for a metallic koi of single colour

Hikariutsuri
The classification for a koi that's a metallic version of Showa or Utsuri

Himozumi
A thin sumi pattern said to be 'string-like'

Hinomaru
Literally means 'sun rising'

Hirenaga koi
Long-finned or 'butterfly' koi - popular in the US koi market

Hiroshima Kinginrin
Silvery shimmering scales with bright lines running across them - sometimes known as 'diamond gin rin'

Hisoku
Term to describe a yellow-green colour

Hoaka
Hi (red) which occurs over the gill plate

Hon sumi
Literally means 'genuine sumi' and refers to the black Sanke pattern on a Koromo Sanke

Hoo Aka
A koi with red gill plates - an early version of the Kohaku we know today

Hoo Kazuki
A black carp with red cheeks - an early version of the Kohaku we know today

Hoshi
Window or opening within a pattern

Ichi bu
Size one

Ichimatsumoyo
The term for a chequered pattern.

Inazuma
(IN-A-ZOOM-A) A zig-zag pattern said to resemble lightning

Ippon hi
A continuous pattern, which does not vary

Iro
Japanese term for colour

Iroagari
Term to describe the colour intensity of a koi

Iroage
The term to describe the act of intensifying colours in koi (often food related)

Iromono
The collective name for the metallic koi varieties

Isumiya
(I-ZOO-ME-YA) Famous breeder

Jari
Japanese term for gravel

Jarisumi
Small sumi (black) spots - literally 'gravel-like' sumi

Jihada
Refers to the texture of a koi's skin

Jinbei
(Jin-Bay) Well-known Sanke bloodline

Jiro
Japanese term for white

Juji
Marking in the shape of a cross

Junidaira Showa
Ancient Showa bloodline

Kabuto
Literally means ‘helmet’ and refers to koi with a head colour that's different to its body colour

Kado
Japanese term for edge

Kado-gin
A type of Kinginrin where only the edges of the scales sparkle

Kagami
A koi variety with reflective mirror scales found on the dorsal and lateral areas

Kagamigoi
What we know as 'mirror carp'

Kage
(CAR-GAY) Literally means 'shadow' and refers to koi with a blurred, reticulated grey/black pattern over the red and/or white

Kage Hi Utsuri
A koi whose red and black Utsuri pattern is overlaid by a kage pattern on the red markings

Kage Shiro Utsuri
A koi whose black and white Utsuri pattern is overlaid by a kage pattern on the white markings

Kage Showa
A koi with the three-colour Showa pattern which has kage patterning over the white

Kamisori
Literally means 'razor', and it describes a sharp edge to the kiwa - it can run through individual scales as well as the whole pattern

Kanoko
Translates as 'fawn' and refers to a dappled-red pattern which can be found on koi

Kanoko Kohaku
A Kohaku displaying dappled red patterns

Kanoko Sanke
A Sanke displaying dappled red patterns

Kanoko Showa
A Showa displaying dappled red patterns

Kao
Literally means 'face' - also referred to as 'men'

Karasu
Translates as 'crow' - an overall black colour

Karasugoi
Black koi with a white or orange stomach

Kasane sumi
Sumi (black) that appears on the hi (red)

Kata moyo
A pattern which only appears on one side of the koi's body

Kata Zumi
Sumi (black) pattern on a koi's shoulder area

Kawagoi
Leather carp - a fish with no scales (apart from maybe a few along the dorsal line). Origins of 'doitsu' koi

Kawari
Literally means 'something strange'

Kawarigoi
A strange koi that can't be classified

Kawarimono
(CAR-WA-REE-MON-OWE) A classification of all non-metallic koi which aren't in any other group

Ki
(KEY) Japanese term for yellow

Ki Bekko
A yellow-based koi with sumi (black) markings

Ki Kokuryu
The metallic version of Kumonryu

Ki Shusui
A rare type of yellow Shusui with a green coloured dorsal

Ki Utsuri
A black koi with yellow markings

Kigoi
An all-yellow koi that is non-metallic

Kikokuryu
(KEY-KO-KER-U) Basically a metallic Kumonryu derived from breeding a Kumonryu with a Kikisui

Kikusui
Literally translated as 'chrysanthemum water' this koi is a metallic doitsu (scaleless) Hariwake Ogon. The pattern runs between the scale lines

Kin
Japanese term for metallic gold

Kin Fuji
A metallic white koi with a hi (red) pattern overlaying it. Also known as Platinum Kohaku

Kin Gin Rin
A koi with gold- or silver-coloured sparkling scales

Kin Hi Utsuri
A metallic Hi Utsuri (black koi with red markings)

Kin Katubo
A black koi with gold-edged scales

Kin Ki Kokuryu
The metallic version of a Beni (red) Kumonryu

Kin Ki Utsuri
A metallic Ki Utsuri (black koi with yellow markings)

Kin Matsuba
A yellow koi with black Matsuba (pinecone-effect) markings - also called Matsuba Ogon

Kin Rin
A gold scale

Kin Showa
A Showa which is metallic and has a gold sheen to it

Kinbo
A black koi which has a gold metallic sheen to its scales

Kindai
(KIN-DIE) Japanese term for modern

Kindai Showa
A Showa displaying a pattern which is mostly white - seen as a modern take on the traditional Showa

Kinitsusei
Colour uniformity

Kinporai
A metallic bronze Matsuba (pinecone-effect) Ogon

Kinrin
A koi which has gold-coloured shimmering scales

Kinsui
A Shusui which is metallic and has a gold lustre

Kinzakura
A metallic version of Gotenzakura - gold bordered hi looking like golden cherries

Kirekomi
When thin parts of white pattern from the sides of the koi rise into the red (hi)

Kitchinai
A Sanke bloodline

Kiwa
The rear edge of a pattern - e.g. the definition between red or black and white markings

Kobayashi
(KO-BUY-ASHY) An early breeder who specialised in Showa

Koborehi
Scattered red pattern

Koboresumi
Scattered black pattern

Kohaku
(CO-HAKU) A white koi with red pattern

Koi
Derived from the word 'nishikigoi' meaning jewelled or brocaded carp

Koinobori
(KOI-NO-BOR-EE) Koi flags/streamers

Koke
Japanese term for scale

Kokenami
Scales in a line

Kokesuki
Colour within a given pattern which is uneven e.g. a single colourless scale

Komoyo
Red (hi) markings which are small

Konjo
Dark blue

Konjo Asagi
An early ancestor of the modern Asagi showing dark blue colouration

Koromo
Meaning 'robed' and refers to a koi with a white base colour with red patterns overlaid with dark reticulation

Koromo Sanke
A Koromo with reticulation also over the red (hi) and black (sumi) markings of a traditional Sanke

Koromo Showa
A Koromo with reticulation also over the red (hi) and black (sumi) markings of a traditional Showa

Koshi
Japanese term for green

Koshi-nishiki
Now referred to as Yamatonishiki this variety is the result breeding an Ogon and a Sanke

Kozumi
Small black spots

Kuchi
Japanese term for lips

Kuchibeni
(COO-CHEE-BENNY) Red markings which look like 'lipstick'

Kujaku
Literally means ‘peacock’ and refers to a metallic reticulated koi with orange, red, or gold markings

Kumonryu
(COME-ON-REE-YOU) Translates as 'dragon fish' and describes a black scaleless (doitsu) koi with white pattern on its body, head, fins

Kumoru
Refers to the loss of colour lustre and brightness

Kuragake
Term which describes a pattern that resembles a saddle on a horse and 'sits' on the back of the koi

Kuro
Japanese term for black

Kuro-Ki-Han
The name once used for Shiro Utsuri

Kutsubera
A pattern resembling a shoehorn on the koi's head

Kuzugoi
(COO-ZOO-GOY) Translates as junk koi

Leather Koi
A koi without scales originally bred to eat e.g. - the origins of doitsu koi

Linages
Genetic bloodlines

Ma
Japanese term for wild

Mado
Literally means 'window' and refers to a gap in a red (hi) pattern of one or two scales

Madoaki
Scales that seem to have 'shadows' underneath the skin

Magoi
Wild carp - the origins of modern-day nishikigoi

Maki
A red (hi) pattern which wraps around the body (also referred to as Omoyo)

Makiagari
Term used for a pattern which extends from underneath the koi to the upper area

Manzo
(MAN-ZOH) A Kohaku bloodline

Maruten
A koi with a round red (hi) patch on its head. This must be in addition to other markings on the body otherwise it would be termed 'Tancho'

Maruten Kohaku
A Kohaku with a separate red (hi) marking on its head

Maruten Sanke
A Sanke with a separate red (hi) marking on its head

Maruzome
This describes when the pattern follows the scale edges giving them a scalloped effect

Matsuba
This is a reticulated or pinecone pattern - it is often caused by scales that have centres which are a different colour to the edges

Matsuba Ogon
A yellow koi with black pinecone-effect (Matsuba) pattern - another name for Kin Matsuba

Matsukawabake
A black and white non-metallic koi

Matsunosuke
(MAT-SUE-NOSS-KEY) Famous Sanke bloodline

Meija era
A period in Japanese history from1868-1912

Men
Japanese term for face

Menkaburi
Means 'masked' and often refers to a Kohaku with a lot of red (hi) on its head

Menware
This is the traditional lightning-stripe head pattern found on Showa where the black (sumi) divides the red (hi) marking

Mesu
Japanese term for female

Midori
(MEE-DOR-EE) Japanese term for green

Midorigoi
A scaleless (doitsu) koi which has a greenish colour

Mizu
Japanese term for very light blue

Mizu Asagi
An Asagi with a very light blue body as apposed to the normal darker blue

Mono
Japanese term for single

Moto
Black (sumi) markings which appear in fry and stay visible on the adult koi

Motoaka
Pectoral joint which has red (hi) on it

Motoguro
(MOE-TOE-GOO-ROW) Black (sumi) markings on the pectoral joint which extend into the fins

Moyo
More than one colour

Moyo no kire
Refers to the edge of the colour pattern and its sharpness

Mudagoke
A scale which is out of line on a doitsu koi

Muji
Single-coloured (i.e. Shiro Muji - all-white koi)

Mura
Used to describe a colour which is lacking in uniformity

Murasakigoi
A rare purple/lavender-coloured koi

Nabe sumi
A grey/brown sumi from the original Magoi line- considered unstable as it's sensitive to temperature, light and water

Nagaremoyo
A flowing red (hi) pattern

Namikin
Japanese term for tail fin

Namitate
Japanese term for dorsal fin

Narumi
Japanese term for light blue

Narumi Asagi
A light-blue patterned Asagi

Nesai
A koi which is over one year, and up to two years old

Nezu
Japanese term for grey

Nezu Ogon
A silver-grey koi with a dull metallic appearance

Ni bu
Size two

Niban
Japanese term for secondary

Niban hi
Secondary red (hi)

Nidan
Two-stepped pattern

Nidan hara
A concave abdomen on a koi

Nidan Kohaku
A Kohaku with two stepped red (hi) markings

Niigata
An area on the Northwest coast of mainland Japan, considered to be the birthplace of koi. Most koi breeders still come from this region

Nisai
(NEE-SIGH) Two-year-old koi

Nishikigoi
Meaning jewelled or brocaded carp. 'Nishiki', a beautiful, coloured linen, and 'goi' fish

Nosezumi
This is where the black (sumi) pattern overlaps the red (hi) markings

Ochiba-shigure
(O-CHEE-BA-SHE-GOO-RAY) Literally means 'autumn leaves falling on water'. A blue-grey koi with a brown pattern overlaid

Odome
Tail stop - a thickness here is meant to indicate future growth potential

Ogon
A single-coloured metallic koi (often yellow)

Ojime
(O-GEE-MAY) A small white area before the tail, often desirable to balance the overall pattern

Omoyo
A red (hi) pattern which wraps around the body (also referred to as Maki)

Operculum
The hard plate which covers the gills on a koi

Orenji
Japanese term for orange

Orenji Hariwake
A silver koi with orange metallic markings

Orenji Ogon
A metallic koi which is deep orange in colour

Osu
(OSE) Japanese term for male

Oyagoi
(O-YA-GOY) Adult koi broodstock

Oyugu hoseki
Literally translates as 'living jewels'

Ozuke
The base of a koi's tail

Ozutsu
The part of the koi behind the dorsal fin (caudal peduncle)

Parapara
A light scattering of red (hi)

Pearl Ginrin
Also known as Tsuba-gin or Tama-gin - a solid sparkling area on each scale

Pearl Shusui
A silver-scaled Shusui

Platinum Kohaku
A metallic white koi with a hi (red) pattern overlaying it. Also known as Kin-fuji

Platinum Ogon
A metallic white koi, also known as Purachina

Pongoi
(PON-GOY) A good grade of koi

Purachina
(PU-RA-CHEEN-AH) Meaning 'platinum'. A white metallic koi, also known as a Platinum Ogon

Renzokumoyo
A flowing, continuous pattern

Rin
Japanese term for scale

Roku bu
Size six

Sadazo
Famous Sanke bloodline

Sadazo Sanke
(See Sadazo) A Sanke displaying bright red (hi) markings and small black (sumi) markings which don't overlap

Sakura Ogon
A metallic Kanoko Kohaku (A Kohaku displaying dappled red patterns)

San bu
Size three

Sandan
(SAN-DAN) A three-step pattern

Sandan Kohaku
A Kohaku with three stepped red (hi) markings

Sanke
Means ‘three-coloured’ and refers to a koi with a white body and red (hi) and black (sumi) markings. The black is generally located above the lateral line

Sanke Shusui
A scaleless (doitsu) Sanke which has a pattern underlaid with the blue-grey of a Shusui

Sanshoku
A three-coloured koi which can refer to either the Sanke or the Showa variety

Sarasa
Red (hi) markings which can suggest patterns of flowers, birds and geometric shapes

Sashi
When the leading/front edge of a pattern blurs on scaled koi

Sashikomi
The scales covering the leading edge of a pattern

Sensuke
Famous Kohaku bloodline

Shiki bu
Size seven

Shiku
Japanese term for coloured

Shimi
An unwanted small black spot which appears on the body of a koi

Shintaro
Niigata koi breeder famous for Go-Sanke

Shiro
Japanese term for white

Shiro Bekko
(SHE-ROE-BEK-CO) A white koi with black (sumi) markings

Shiro Matsuba
A white koi with a black 'pinecone' Matsuba pattern in its scales

Shiro Muji
(SHE-ROE-MOO-GEE) A white non-metallic koi

Shiro Utsuri
(SHEE-ROE-UT-SUE-REE) A black Koi with white markings

Shirogane
The original name for Platinum Ogon

Shirogoi
An all-white koi

Shiroji
The white skin on a koi

Shitsu
The quality of the skin, to include white, red (hi), black (sumi) etc

Shochikubai
(SHO-CHEEK-OO-BUY) A metallic Ai-goromo

Showa
A black koi with red (hi) and white patterns

Showa Shusui
A koi with the markings of a Showa and underlying blue of a Shusui

Shusui
(SHOE-SUEY) Doitsu blue koi with red (hi) markings often around the sides of body and head (Doitsu Asagi)

Shusui bire
Red (hi) at the base of the pectoral fins of Shusui

Soragoi
(SORE-A-GOI) A blue-grey non-metallic koi

Subo-Sumi
(SUE-BO-SUE-ME) Where the black (Sumi) falls only on white skin

Sui
Like water - a rippling effect

Sumi
(SUE-ME) Black markings

Sumi-goromo
An Ai-goromo with its Koromo overlaid with solid black (sumi) markings

Suminagashi
A black koi which has scale reticulation (pinecone effect) in white

Taikei
Body confirmation

Taisho era
The period of Japanese history under Emperor Taisho 1912-1926

Taisho Sanke
The full name for Sanke - a 'white based' koi with red (hi) and black (sumi) markings

Takai
(TAK-EYE) Japanese term for expensive

Taki
Japanese term for waterfall

Tama-gin
See term Pearl Ginrin

Tancho
(TAN-CHO) A round red marking on a koi's head (used when the koi has no other red on the body - if it does this would be 'Maruten')

Tancho Kohaku
A white koi with a red spot on the head

Tancho Sanke
A Sanke with the only red marking being a head spot

Tancho Showa
A Showa with the only red marking being a head spot

Tategoi
A koi which has future potential

Tateshita
The term used when a breeder decides to sell his tategoi

Tebire
Japanese term for pectoral fin

Tejima
Stripes of black (Sumi) in the fins (see also Tezumi)

Teri (Tsuya)
Japanese term for gloss or lustre

Tetsu
Japanese term for iron

Tetsu Magoi
Early ancestor of the Showa, Chagoi and Ogon bloodlines

Tezumi
Stripes of black (Sumi) in the fins (see also Tejima)

Tobi
(TOE-BEE) Literally meaning 'jump'. In koi it refers to fry that jump in size by eating their siblings. These koi must be removed at an early sorting stage

Tobi-hi
Small red (hi) markings which look like splashes of paint

Tomoin
Famous Kohaku lineage of koi

Tora Ogon
Metallic Ki Bekko - also known as a 'Tiger' Ogon

Torazo
(TOR-AS-O) Famous Sanke bloodline

Tosai
A koi in its first year - up to one-year-old

Tsubaki Sanke
A Sanke which has a chain of black (sumi) running the entire length its body

Tsubo sumi
(SUE-BO-SUE-ME) Black (sumi) which appears on the white skin

Tsubu-gin
See term Pearl Ginrin

Tsuya
Japanese term for lustre

Umebachi
A Japanese apricot flower-shaped mark (often in relation to a Tancho spot)

Urishi
A deep dense black (sumi) which has a lacquered appearance and sharp, defined edges

Uroko kiwi
Describes scalloped Kiwa (see term Maruzome)

Urushizumi
Glossy jet black sumi which has a hint of blue

Utsuri
A koi whose body has a single base colour (white, red, or yellow) with black (sumi) markings which wrap around the body

Utsurimono
Literally meaning 'reflections' or 'reflecting ones'. Two-coloured, black-based koi with white, red or yellow markings

Uwappi
Thin undesirable hi with no Sashi (see term)

Wabi/Sabi
The depth of the skin of a scaled koi

Wagoi
A koi with scales

Yagozen
(YA-GO-ZEN) A Kohaku bloodline developed in the 1950s

Yamabuki
Literally means a Japonica bush with pale yellow flowers

Yamabuki Hariwake
A platinum koi with metallic yellow markings

Yamabuki Ogon
A metallic solid yellow koi

Yamato
(YA-MAT-TOE) The crossing of a Sanke and a Fuji Ogon - now known as Yamatonishiki

Yamatonishiki
A metallic Sanke

Yogyo
A young fish

Yon bu
Size four

Yondan
A four-step pattern

Yondan Kohaku
A Kohaku which has four red body markings

Yonsai
(YON-SIGH) A four-year-old koi

Yoroi
Meaning ‘armoured’ - usually referring to a doitsu koi with excessive mirror scales

Yoroigoi
A koi which has large armour scales all over its body

Yotsushiro
Meaning 'five whites'. A black koi with white on its tail, pectoral and dorsal fins and on its head

Zubonhaki
Where the tail end of a koi is completely red or black

Zuiun
A Shusui colour variant

Zukinkaburi
An early Kohaku displaying a red forehead



Variety



Ai Goromo

White Koi with red scales robed in blue.

Aka Bekko

Red Koi with black markings.

Aka Hajiro

Red Koi with white tips to the pectorial fins.

Aka Matsuba

Red Koi with a black pinecone pattern to the scales

Aka Muji

A light red Koi.

Aka Sanke

A Sanke with a predominantly red pattern on the back.

Asagi

Blue & orange Koi with a pale vignette pattern to the scales.

Asagi Magoi

One of the three ancestors of Nishikigoi. (Blue carp)

Asagi Sanke

An Asagi x Sanke hybrid

Beni Goi

Aka Muji - with a deeper red colour

Beni Kikuryu

Metallic version of Beni Kumonryu

Beni Kumonryu

A Kumonryu with the addition of red.

Boke Showa

A Showa with undeveloped sumi

Budo Goromo

A Koromo with purplish/brown robes to thered scales

Cha Utsuri

A brown Koi with a black utsuri pattern.

Chagoi

A brown "tea" coloured Koi.

Doro Magoi

One of the three ancestors of Nishikigoi. (Muddy carp)

Gin Kabuto

A black Koi with silver head and scale edges.

Gin Matsuba

A metallic silver Koi with a black pinecone pattern to the scales.

Gin Shiro Bekko

A metallic Shiro Bekko

Gin Shiro

A metallic Shiro Utsuri aka Gin Shiro Utsuri

Ginbo

A black Koi with a silver sheen

Ginsui

A metallic Shusui with small or no orange colour

Goshiki

A Koromo with robing on the base colour, colloquially a five colour Koi

Gotenzakura

A Kohaku with a flowery cherry blossom pattern.

Hageshiro

A black Koi with white fin tips and head.

Hajiro

A black Koi with white fin tips.

Hana Shusui

Shusui where the beni pattern appears in the flanks above the lateral line.

Hariwake

A silver & gold metallic Koi

Hariwake Matsuba

A hariwake with pinecone pattern.

Hi Asagi

Asagi where the red pattern reaches the dorsal ridge.

Hi Showa

Showa where red is the predominant colour

Hi Shusui

Shusui where the beni pattern reaches the dorsal ridge

Hi Utsuri

A black Koi with a red pattern.

Higoi

A red Koi. Early ancestor of the present Utsuri & Showa

Karasugoi

A family of black & white Koi often with orange bellies.

Kasane sumi

Sanke sumi that is present on the Hi pattern.

Ki Bekko

A Yellow Koi with black markings.

Kigoi

Yellow Koi

Ki Matsuba

Yellow Koi with a pinecone pattern to the scales.

Ki Shusui

A Shusui with yellow instead of an orange pattern.

Ki Utsuri

A black Koi with a yellow pattern.

Kikokuryu

Metallic Kumonryu.

Kikusui

Silver doitsugoi with yellow in the flanks.

Kin Fuji

Metallic Kohaku.

Kin Hi Utsuri

Metallic Hi-Utsuri

Kin Kabuto

Black Koi with gold head and scale edges. Literally "Golden Helmet"

Kin Ki Utsuri

Metallic Ki-Utsuri

Kin Showa

Metallic Showa

Kin Zakura

Kohaku where Hi scales are bordered with gold

Kinbo

A black Koi with a golden sheen.

Kinsui

A metallic Shusui with a gold pattern.

Kohaku

White Koi with a red pattern.

Konjo Asagi

A very dark blue Asagi.

Kujaku

Metallic two coloured Koi with a Matsuba pattern. Literally "Peacock".

Kumonryu

A black doitsu Koi of the karasu family with a volatile (changing) white pattern

Magoi

The indigenous food carp of Japan

Matsuba

A Koi with a brown/black centre to each scale giving a pinecone impression.

Matsukawabake

A fully scaled kumonryu

Midori-goi

A green doitsu Koi

Narumi Asagi

A light blue Asagi.

Nezu Ogon

Silvery grey metalli Koi.

Nishikigoi

Brocaded Carp

Ochiba Shigure

A blue-grey Koi with a brown pattern.

Ogon

Gold Koi

Platinum Ogon

A metallic white Koi. Pronounced Pur-a-chin-a.

Purachina

The Japanese pronounciation of Platinum.

Sakura Ogon

A metallic Konoko Kohaku.

Sanke

White Koi with a red and black pattern. Literally "Three coloured".

Sanke Shusui

Sanke x Shusui hybrid benched as Kawarimono

Shiro Bekko

White Koi with black pattern

Shiro Matsuba

White Koi with pinecone pattern

Shiro Utsuri

Black Koi with white pattern

Shiromuji

White Koi

Shochikubai

A metallic Ai-goromo.

Showa

Black Koi with red and White pattern

Showa Shusui

Showa x Shusui hybrid

Shusui

Doitsu version of Asagi.

Soragoi

A Grey-blue Koi

Sumi Goromo

Koromo with black robes to the scales of the red pattern

Sumi-nagashi

A black Koi of the Karasu group with white reticulation to the scales.

Taki Asagi

An Asagi with white line dividing the orange and blue colours.

Tancho

An isolated red pattern on the head: A Show Class for Koi with this pattern

Tetsu Magoi

One of the three ancestors of Nishikigoi. (Iron carp)

Tora Ogon

"Tiger Ogon". A metallic Ki-Bekko

Yamabuki

Yellow-gold Ogon.

Yamato Nishiki

Metallic Sanke

Yotsushiro


Black Koi of the Karasu family with a white head, white pectorial fins,
white dorsal fin and tail. Literally "four whites"

Zubanhaki

Pattern confined to the rear half of a Koi. Literally "trousers"




Colour



Ai

Blue

Aka

Red

Beni

Red/Orange

Cha

Brown literally "Tea"

Gin

Silver metallic.

Hi

Red

Karasu

Black - literaly crow.

Ki

Yellow

Kin

Gold

Midori

Green

Murusaki

Purple

Nezu

Light Grey

Orenji

Orange

Shiro

White

Sora

Grey

Sumi

Black




Numbers



Rei

Zero

Ichi

One

Ni

Two

San

Three

Yon

Four

Go

Five

Loku (Roku)

Six

Nana

Seven

Hachi

Eight

Ku

Nine

Ju

Ten

Ju-ichi

Eleven (ten plus one)

Ju-ni

Twelve (ten plus two)

Ju-san

Thrirteen (ten plus three)

And so on............

......................then



Niju

Twenty

Sanju

Thirty

Yonju

Forty

Goju

Fifty

Rokuju

Sixty

Nanaju

Seventy

Hachiju

Eighty

Kyuuju

Ninety

Hyaku

Hundred

Hyakuju

Hundred and ten

Hyakuniju

Hundred and twenty

Hyakusanju

Hundred and thirty

Hyakuyonju

Hundred and forty

Hyakugoju

Hundred and fifty

Hyakurokuju

Hundred and sixty

Hyakushichiju

Hundred and seventy

Hyakuhachiju

Hundred and eighty

Hyakukyuju

Hundred and ninety

Nihyaku

Two hundred

Sanhyaku

Three hundred

Yonhyaku

Four hundred

Gohyaku

Five hundred

Rokuhyaku

Six hundred

Shichihyaku

Seven hundred

Hachihyaku

Eight hundred

Kyuuhyaku

Nine hundred

Sen

Thousand

Ni-sen

Two thousand

San-zen

Three thousand

Yon-san

Four thousand

And so on................



Example
The number of Koi in the South East Show 2007 was san-hyaku-ju-san
Sanhyaku = 300. Jusan = 13. Total 313.

The Japanese words Sai (Year), Dan (Step), Bu (Size) often accompany a number.
E.g. Nidan (Two Step), Sansai (Three year), Yonbu (Size Four)



Hitots

One

Futatsu

Two

Mits

Three

Yots

Four

Itutsu

Five

Muts

Six

Nanats

Seven

Yats

Eight

Kokonots

Nine

To

Ten

When using these numbers the item comes first. E.g. Biru Futatsu (Two Beers).


Terminology



Ago hi

Hi markings on the gills

Ago Sumi

Sumi markings on gills

Aka Hana

A red nose.

Akame

An eye with a red iris, mostly seen on Kigoi.

Atarashi Sumi

High gloss stable Sumi Maruzome Kiwa. Literally "New Sumi".

Ato Sumi

A late development of Sumi.

Bekko

A Show Class for white, yellow or red Koi with black markings; Literally "Tortoiseshell"

Beta-gin

Type of Ginrin where the whole scale shines.

Boke sumi

Undeveloped Showa/Utsuri sumi

Bongiri

Head pattern that does not go far enough forward.

Bozu

A Kohaku with no red on the head. Literally "Priest".

Budo

Pattern of Koromo resembling grapes. Literally "Grape".

Danmoyo

Stepped pattern

Doitsu

Koi with no scales or one or a few lines of scales. Literally "German"

Fukarin

Visible skin between the scales giving a vignette 'golf ball' like appearance.

Fuji

A metallic sheen or pinpoint silver spots on the head of young non-metallic Koi

Ginrin

An abbreviated term for the show class Kinginrin: Literally "Silver Scale".

Go Sanke

A term for Kohaku, Sanke and Showa. Rough translation "The Important Three"

Hachi sumi

Lignting shaped sumi head pattern (Utsuri & Showa)

Hana sumi

A Sumi mark on or around the nose.

Hanatsuki

A red head pattern that stretches down to the mouth.

Hikari

Metallic.

Hikari Moyomono

A Show Class for patterned metallic Koi.

Hikari Mujimono

A Show Class for single coloured metallic Koi incl Matsuba.

Hikari Utsurimono

A Show Class for all metallic Utsuri and Showa.

Hiroshima Gin

Aka Diamond Gin, a Ginrin scale pattern resembling cracked glass

Inazuma

A lightning shaped Hi pattern.

Ippon hi

A continuous red pattern from head to tail

Jari sumi

Small unwanted sumi markings. Literally "Gravel"

Kado

Edge.

Kado Gin

Ginrin found on the edge of the scales.

Kagami

Doitsugoi (Mirror Carp type).

Kage

Sumi with a faded appearance. Literally "shadow"

Kamisori

Kiwa that cuts across the scale.

Kanoko

Dappled hi, isolated to single scales. Literally 'fawn - young deer'.

Kata moyo

A pattern that is only present on one side of the body.

Kawagoi

Doitsugoi (Leather Carp type).

Kawarimono

The catch-all Show classification of al non metallic Koi.

Kindai

Literally "modern"

Kinginrin

Show class for Koi with metalic flecks in thescales. Literally "Gold & Silver Scales".

Kiwa

The trailing edge of a pattern element.

Kokesuki

Uneven colour within patterns

Koromo

Show Class for "robed" Koi.

Kuchibeni

Red lipped.

Kutsubera

Classic shoehorn head pattern of Sanke and Kohaku, Rounded & between the eyes.

Maruzome

Kiwa that follows the edges of the scales.

Menkaburi

Hi pattern that covers the whole head.

Menware

Traditional black head patterns of Showa and Utsuri (Y shaped)

Moto Aka

Red markings in the base of the pectorial fins. Red version of Moto-guru

Motoguro

Black markings in the base of the pectorial fins.

Niban Hi

Secondary hi

Nidan

Two step pattern (see Numbers)

Nissai

Two year old Koi. (see Numbers)

Odome

Last pattern mark before the tail.

Ojima

Black stripes in the tail.

Ojime

The gap between the last Hi pattern before the tail.

Omoyo

Large Hi markings.

Ozutsu

The caudal peduncle

Sandan

Three step pattern

Sansai

Three year old Koi

Sashi

The leading edge of a pattern element.

Shimi

Small unwanted black spots.

Shiroji

The white base colour of white skinned Koi

Sudare Gin

Type of Ginrin where the shine radiates from edge to centre - invasive Kado Gin

Tama-gin

Type of Ginrin where the centre of the scale shines

Tategoi

Koi with potential for improving.

Tateshita

Young finished Koi with no potential for improvement. Opposite of Tategoi

Tejima

Black stripes in the pectorial fins

Teri

Shine

Tobi-hi

Rogue hi. Small beni spots isolated from the main pattern

Tsubo Sumi

"Best placed". Sumi on white skin.

Tsuya

Lustre

Utsuri

Literally "Reflection" refering to the pattern

Utsurimono

Show class for Hi,Ki & Shiro Utsuri

Wagoi

Fully scaled Koi.

Yoroi

Doitsugoi (Armoured Carp type).

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nicolejohn



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PostSubject: spa in british virgin island   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 3:02 am

Thanks for this informations.
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Neli

Neli

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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 6:31 am

nicolejohn wrote:
Thanks for this informations.
Welcome. The info is not mine. I just copied it from a sight.
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Miya Oki Koi

Miya Oki Koi

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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 9:00 am

Hi Neli
Thanx for the info, please just supply the link to the site before somebody get cross again. affraid

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"Legacy of Koi Pride."
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quinten

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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 9:58 am

WOW ,

Thank you Neli Very Happy
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Neli

Neli

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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 3:17 pm

Miya Oki Koi wrote:
Hi Neli
Thanx for the info, please just supply the link to the site before somebody get cross again. affraid
Have U seen when I posted that????That was one of my first posts last year, when I was newbie...Do U think I remember where I got it from now???
And who got cross before, apart from Pieter??? Just remember Pieter's rules are not applied all over the internet. I am a member of many forums, and no one follows those rules...
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Dewald



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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeFri Aug 31, 2012 3:44 pm

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bruce741



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PostSubject: Re: Koi dictionary   Koi dictionary Icon_minitimeWed Dec 11, 2013 6:22 am

This describes a sheen and lustre found on heads of young koi. Can be seen in young quality Sanke and sometimes Kohaku and Ogon
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