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 Navraag oor groen dam

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PostSubject: Navraag oor groen dam   Navraag oor groen dam Icon_minitimeMon Feb 25, 2008 11:30 am

Gepos namens Antoinette

Goeie dag



Kan ek dalk by julle inligting kry oor Koidam filtersisteem?



Ek het n koidammetjie by my huis gebou (6m lank, 1m wyd en 600cm diep). Ek het n swembad pomp opgesit met n 500L (daai wat regop staan met die rubber bobbeltjies in) waterfilter. Die water bly groen. Ek kan die water uittap, die dam skoonmaak en nuwe water intap, maar die volgende dag is dit weer groen, mens sien nie eers die visse nie. Ek het tans 3 kois in die water wat ook nie wil mak word nie. Ek gee elke dag op dieselfde tyd vir hulle kos en gesels met hulle as ek by die dam kom.



Kan julle my dalk raad gee om die dam skoon te hou en hoe om hulle mak te kry sodat hulle darem gesien kan word.



Baie dankie



Antoinette

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PostSubject: Re: Navraag oor groen dam   Navraag oor groen dam Icon_minitimeMon Feb 25, 2008 12:36 pm

Hi Antoinette

Jy bedoel seker jy het 'n 50 liter filter en nie 'n 500 liter filter nie. Jou pond is slegs 3600 liter groot.

Dit klink vir my asof jy te veel water changes doen. Elke keer wanneer jy water changes doen, verleng jy net die tydperk wat dit neem om die pond te mature.

Is jou UV light groot genoeg? Werk hy? Met jou specs behoort jou groen water probleem gou opgelos te wees, deur net te wag en nie te veel water changes te doen nie. Moet nooit meer as 30% nuwe water insit nie. Jy haal die goeie bakterie uit en gee nuwe kos vir die alge.

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PostSubject: Re: Navraag oor groen dam   Navraag oor groen dam Icon_minitimeMon Feb 25, 2008 12:53 pm

Hi Antoinette

Hier is my artikel onder "water conditions" wat jou vraag aanspreek:

GREEN WATER

Green water is not bad for Koi, as a matter of fact, it is very good for them and breeders often prefer to keep their water green, because the fish thrive on algae and ensure a good skin quality to the koi and enhance the colours. However, we want to see our fish. Isn't that what Koi keeping is all about??
Very often, the quality of green water is much better than crystal clear water.
The reason why the water turns green is because of the accumulation of nutrients in the water, especially those gathered during winter. The algae blossom on these nutrients, and one must get rid of the nutrients and the algae being the cause and the result.
The other reason for green water (which is linked to the above) is because of the absence of enough bacteria, especially directly after winter, because the bacteria takes a while to grow after the winter months, as it requires enough heat to grow. New ponds always go threw a phase of green water, despite the presence of a UV light. This is nature's way of sorting out a balance. Don't interfere unnecessarily.
There are various options to solve the problem which can and should be used in conjunction with each other, depending on the severity of the problem.

Mechanical way
An affective UV light will clear most of the floating algae which makes your water green. However, it is not effective against blanket weed, the hardy type of algae on the sides and bottom, but these does not affect the colour of the water and can be removed manually if required. One have to remember that the tube is only really effective for a period of one year. So, if you have green water despite the presence of a UV light, a replacement of the tube or an additional light might be an option. It takes a few days to clear the water. When you buy a UV light, always buy a bit bigger than what u actually require. There is not a big difference in the price of a 15-watt and 30-watt UV light. The one is approximately R 550.00 and the other one is R 620.00. We install 30 watt UV lights in ponds of 12 000 litres, although the manufactures indicate that they are good enough for 30 000 litres.
Chemical way
There are various chemicals available on the market, the most common one is "Pond Clear" which is available at most Koi outlets. It is fairly inexpensive at approximately R 75 a jar, which is good for a few treatments on an average pond. This will however cure the situation only temporarily, and it is extremely important to use the right dosages.
Potassium Permanganate can also be used, but it is not advisable for the novice. If you suspect the presence of parasites anyway, this is an option. The Potassium will attack the algae which will make your whole pond brown as it kills the algae within hours, and leave a clean pond a few days later after a water change. However, it also kills beneficial bacteria, unless you can successfully bypass your bio filter.
Plants
Another option is to introduce water plants or more plants that will use all the nutrients and compete with the algae, and the algae will gradually die off. Very often, Koi keepers introduce plants that were planted in nutrient rich soil. This will initially cause the opposite and make your problem worst because it normally causes an algae bloom. Water plants should be planted in normal garden soil with low nutrients mixed with gravel as apposed to compost or rich potting soil.
Bacteria
Most types of bacteria breaks down the nutrients. Introducing a bigger bio filter will cure the pond of algae, but it might take a few months. An option to get the water clear much faster, is to introduce a bale of straw into the water which will generate the right type of bacteria to limit the nutrients in the water. This is why a mature pond normally have crystal clear water, and it is difficult to maintain clear water in a newly build pond younger than 12 months.
Shade
To introduce more shade onto the pond, will also help to clear the green water and it will help to prevent it from happening again to some extent. The higher the temperature, the more algae will grow and the greener the water will be. Your water will always be much clearer in the winter, as the algae does not grow at low temperatures.
Salt
The increase of salt is also an option as it limits the growth of algae. However, it also limits the growth of bacteria and pond plants if the quantity is too much.
Replacement of water
Most people think that the quickest solution is to do more water changes or a total water change, thinking that the clear water added will solve the problem. The opposite happens. New water is rich in nutrients and the algae thrive again. A lot of Koi keepers have leaks in their ponds forcing them to add new water on a regular basis. These koi keepers always battle to keep their water clear.
Patience
In a lot of circumstances, you only need time. Any new pond will go threw a green phase despite the presence of a UV light. Be patient. It will probably clear within a week. Let nature takes it's course. Nature is busy to create a balance. If not, assist nature by doing something about it. Just remember, blanket weed can block your filter and bottom drain and algae can cause bad bacteria and an increase in Nitrites when dying off, which can be detrimental to your Koi.

Die koi sal ook sommer makker word wanneer die water helder raak. Hulle raak meer gewoond aan beweging en mense en met die groen water nie. Sien ook elders op die forum hoe om koi mak te maak.

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PostSubject: Re: Navraag oor groen dam   Navraag oor groen dam Icon_minitime

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